Get Doolittle: Aerospace Visionary (Military Profiles) PDF

By Dik Alan Daso

On April 18, 1942, Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle led a flight of 16 B-25 bombers off the flight deck of the USS Hornet on essentially the most bold raids in U.S. army heritage, a low-level strike on Tokyo and different eastern towns. For this heroic act, he obtained the Medal of Honor. yet, as Dik Alan Daso convincingly argues, James H. Doolittle can be remembered as even more than a recognized wrestle pilot. With a doctorate in aeronautics from MIT, he dedicated his lifestyles to learning the technical and useful intricacies of the main extraordinary new invention of his time, the aircraft. In 1922, Doolittle grew to become the 1st individual to accomplish a transcontinental flight around the usa in one twenty-four-hour interval. Later he labored with the Shell Oil corporation to boost high-octane aviation gasoline to reinforce plane functionality. He additionally received a variety of trophies for his record-breaking high-speed flights, and he constructed new instrumentation to help pilots whilst flying “blind” in bad climate. In jet age parlance, Doolittle continuously “pushed the envelope.” After maintaining numerous significant wrestle instructions in the course of international warfare II, he was once appointed a distinct assistant to the Air strength leader of employees in 1951 and served as a civilian adviser in medical concerns, together with the advance of ballistic missiles and the fledgling area software. From the early days of aviation to the gap age, Daso presents a concise yet expansive evaluation of the speedily constructing box of aviation and chronicles a pioneer’s tireless efforts to be a visionary for the recent era.

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Download PDF by Bernhard Rieger: The People's Car

By Bernhard Rieger

Bernhard Rieger unearths how a vehicle commissioned through Hitler and designed by means of Ferdinand Porsche turned an international commodity on a par with Coca-Cola. The Beetle's luck hinged on its uncanny skill to trap the imaginations of executives, engineers, advertisers, automobile creditors, suburbanites, hippies, and daily drivers aross countries and cultures.

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Download e-book for kindle: Unbound: How Eight Technologies Made Us Human, Transformed by Richard L Currier

By Richard L Currier

Although we frequently consider know-how as anything particular to fashionable occasions, our ancestors started to create the 1st applied sciences thousands of years in the past within the type of prehistoric instruments and guns. over the years, 8 key applied sciences steadily freed us from the restrictions of our animal origins.

The fabrication of guns, the mastery of fireplace, and the applied sciences of garments and shield substantially restructured the human physique, allowing us to stroll upright, shed our physique hair, and migrate out of tropical Africa. Symbolic communique reworked human evolution from a gradual organic approach right into a speedy cultural strategy. the discovery of agriculture revolutionized the connection among humanity and the surroundings, and the applied sciences of interplay ended in the beginning of civilization. Precision equipment spawned the economic revolution and the increase of realms; and within the subsequent metamorphosis, electronic applied sciences may possibly unite all of humanity for the good thing about destiny generations.

Synthesizing the findings of primatology, paleontology, archeology, historical past, and anthropology, Richard Currier reinterprets and retells the trendy narrative of human evolution that all started with the invention of Lucy and different Australopithecus fossils. however the related forces that allowed us to combine expertise into each element of our day-by-day lives have additionally introduced us to the threshold of planetary disaster. Unbound explains either how we came and the way human society has to be reworked back to accomplish a sustainable future.

Technology: “The planned amendment of any typical item or substance with forethought to accomplish a particular finish or to serve a selected purpose.”

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Read e-book online Cultivating Commerce: Cultures of Botany in Britain and PDF

By Sarah Easterby-Smith

Sarah Easterby-Smith rewrites the histories of botany and horticulture from the views of plant retailers who bought botanical specimens within the a long time round 1800. those retailers weren't specialist botanists, nor have been they the social equals of sophisticated amateurs of botany. however, they participated in Enlightenment scholarly networks, appearing as intermediaries who communicated details and specimens. due to their sensible services, in addition they grew to become assets of latest wisdom of their personal correct. Cultivating trade argues that those retailers made crucial contributions to botanical background, even supposing their fairly humble prestige signifies that their contributions have acquired little sustained recognition so far. Exploring how the specialist nurseryman emerged as a brand new social determine in Britain and France and interpreting what occurred to the elitist, masculine tradition of beginner botany whilst faced by way of increasing public participation, Easterby-Smith sheds clean gentle at the evolution of transnational Enlightenment networks throughout the Age of Revolution.

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Download e-book for kindle: Documenting the World: Film, Photography, and the Scientific by Gregg Mitman,Kelley Wilder

By Gregg Mitman,Kelley Wilder

Imagine the 20th century with no images and picture. Its background will be absent of pictures that outline historic moments and generations: the loss of life camps of Auschwitz, the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the Apollo lunar touchdown. it'd be a historical past, in different phrases, of just artists’ renderings and the spoken and written be aware. To population of the twenty-first century, deeply immersed in visible tradition, one of these background turns out insubstantial, vague, or even, might be, unscientific.

Documenting the World is ready the fabric and social lifetime of images and picture made within the clinical quest to rfile the area. Drawing on students from the fields of paintings heritage, visible anthropology, and technological know-how and know-how reviews, the chapters during this ebook discover how this documentation—from the preliminary recording of pictures, to their acquisition and garage, to their circulation—has altered our lives, our methods of figuring out, our social and fiscal relationships, or even the environment. some distance past mere representation, images and movie became an quintessential, transformative a part of the realm they search to teach us.

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A House in the Sun: Modern Architecture and Solar Energy in - download pdf or read online

By Daniel A. Barber

A condominium within the Sun describes a couple of experiments in sun condo heating in American architectural, engineering, political, monetary, and company contexts from the start of worldwide struggle II till the past due Nineteen Fifties. homes have been outfitted around the Midwest, Northeast, and Southwestern usa, and likewise proposed for websites in India, South Africa, and Morocco. those experiments built in parallel to variations within the dialogue of recent structure, counting on new fabrics and layout rules for either strength potency and claims to cultural relevance. Architects have been one of the myriad cultural and medical actors to determine the sunlight condominium as a tremendous designed component to the yank destiny. those experiments additionally built as a part of a much wider research of the globe as an interconnected geophysical procedure. Perceived source boundaries within the fast postwar interval ended in new understandings of the connection among strength, expertise and financial system. The sunlight condo - either as a charged item within the milieu of suburban growth, and as a way to elevate the normal of residing in constructing economies - turned a massive website for social, technological, and layout experimentation. This resulted in new different types of services in structure and different professions.

Daniel Barber argues that this mid-century curiosity in solar power used to be one of many first episodes during which source barriers have been obvious as a chance for layout to realize new relevance for capability social and cultural ameliorations. additionally, the sunlight dialogue confirmed either an highbrow framework and a investment constitution for the articulation of and reaction to international environmental matters in next a long time. In featuring facts of source tensions initially of the chilly struggle, the booklet deals a brand new standpoint at the histories of structure, know-how, and environmentalism, yet one more absolutely entangled with the customarily competing dynamics of geopolitical and geophysical pressures.

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Read e-book online Oilfield Trash: Life and Labor in the Oil Patch (Kenneth E. PDF

By Dr. Bobby D. Weaver PhD

When the 1st gusher blew in at Spindletop, close to Beaumont, Texas, in 1901, petroleum started to supplant cotton and farm animals because the monetary engine of the nation and zone. Very quickly, a lot of the team migrated from the cotton box to the oilfield, following the trap of the wealth being created by way of black gold.
The early a long time of the 20 th century witnessed the advance of an oilfield tradition, as those employees outlined and solidified their place in the region’s social textile. through the years, the workforce grew extra professionalized, and technological switch attracted a distinct kind of laborer.
Bobby D. Weaver grew up and labored within the oil patch. Now, drawing on oral histories supplemented and proven through different examine, he tells the colourful tales of the staff who really introduced oil wealth to Texas. Drillers, shooters, toolies, pipeliners, teamsters, roustabouts, tank developers, roughnecks . . . every one of them performed a task within the frenzied, hard-driving way of life of the boomtowns that sprouted in a single day in organization with every one significant oil discovery.
Weaver tracks the diversities among corporation employees and agreement staff. He info the paintings itself and the ethos that surrounds it. He highlights the similarities and alterations from one box to a different and strains altering features of the paintings through the years. specifically, Oilfield Trash captures the original voices of the laboring those that labored lengthy, challenging hours, frequently risking existence and limb to maintain the drilling rigs “turning to the right.”

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Download e-book for kindle: Early American Technology: Making and Doing Things From the by Judith A. McGaw

By Judith A. McGaw

This number of unique essays records technology's centrality to the heritage of early the USA. not like a lot past scholarship, this quantity emphasizes the quotidian instead of the phenomenal: the farm family trying to look after foodstuff or collect instruments, the surveyor balancing fiscal and technical concerns whereas laying out a turnpike, the lady of child-bearing age making use of natural contraceptives, and the associates of a polluted city movement debating problems with estate, smell, and well-being. those circumstances and others drawn from brewing, mining, farming, and woodworking allow the authors to deal with fresh historiographic matters, together with the environmental facets of technological swap and the gendered nature of technical wisdom. Brooke Hindle's vintage 1966 essay on early American expertise can be reprinted, and his view of the sector is reassessed. A bibliographical essay and precis of Hindle's bibliographic findings finish the amount. The participants are Judith A. McGaw, Robert C. submit, Susan E. Klepp, Michal McMahon, Patrick W. O'Bannon, Sarah F. McMahon, Donald C. Jackson, Robert B. Gordon, Carolyn C. Cooper, and Nina E. Lerman.

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Thomas J. Misa's Digital State: The Story of Minnesota's Computing Industry PDF

By Thomas J. Misa

Accounts of the early occasions of the computing industry—the Turing computer, the large Colossus, the ENIAC computer—are well-told stories, and both renowned is the later emergence of Silicon Valley and the increase of the non-public laptop. but there's a rare untold center history—with deep roots in Minnesota. From the top of worldwide battle II throughout the Seventies, Minnesota used to be domestic to the 1st computing-centered commercial district within the world.

Drawing on infrequent archival files, photos, and a wealth of oral histories, Digital kingdom unveils the outstanding tale of machine improvement within the heartland after global battle II. those many years discovered corporations—concentrated largely in Minnesota—designing state of the art mainframe applied sciences, revolutionizing new equipment of magnetic information garage, and, for the 1st time, really integrating software program and into worthwhile items for the yankee executive and public. Minnesota-based businesses reminiscent of Engineering examine affiliates, Univac, keep watch over facts, Cray learn, Honeywell, and IBM Rochester have been significant overseas avid gamers and jointly shaped an unmatched epicenter advancing electronic applied sciences. those businesses not just introduced bright monetary development to Minnesota, they nurtured the state’s present-day scientific gadget and software program industries and probably even tomorrow’s nanotechnology.

Thomas J. Misa’s groundbreaking heritage exhibits how Minnesota famous and embraced the arrival info age via its modern businesses, its team, and its favourite associations. Digital State unearths the interior workings of the delivery of the electronic age in Minnesota and what we will study from this period of sustained innovation.

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Download PDF by Lundy Braun: Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of

By Lundy Braun

In the antebellum South, plantation physicians used a brand new clinical device—the spirometer—to express that lung quantity and as a result very important capability have been supposedly much less in black slaves than in white voters. on the finish of the Civil battle, a wide research of racial distinction utilising the spirometer looked as if it would ensure the discovering, which used to be then utilized to argue that slaves have been undeserving for freedom. what's astounding is this instance of racial pondering is whatever yet a ancient relic.

In Breathing Race into the Machine, technological know-how reviews pupil Lundy Braun strains the little-known background of the spirometer to bare the social and clinical approaches wherein clinical tools have labored to naturalize racial and ethnic variations, from Victorian Britain to at the present time. in many instances an element in medical diagnoses, preemployment physicals, and incapacity estimates, spirometers are frequently “race corrected,” as a rule lowering general values for African american citizens by way of 15 percent.

An unsettling account of the pernicious results of racial pondering that divides humans alongside genetic traces, Breathing Race into the Machine is helping us know how race enters into technology and shapes clinical learn and practice.

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